The History of Influencer Marketing
Are social media influencers merely hype? Does influencer marketing really work? Most marketers say it does. In fact, influencer marketing seems to be giving traditional advertising a run for its money. Because influencers are way more effective at engaging audiences then traditional media like TV, radio, print, or outdoor billboards.
According to Business Insider, influencer marketing is likely to become $15 billion industry by 2022. The customer acquisition rate and ROI from influencer marketing is pretty impressive too. Even though brands might calculate ROI differently, they all agree that influencer marketing truly works
But is this really a new phenomenon? Who were the earliest influencers? When did influencer marketing start?
The Earliest Influencers: The Queen and the Pope
In advertising folklore, it is said that long ago, the Queen and the Pope used to endorse medicine – for the benefit of the common people. In a sense, they were the first influencers in the history of influencer marketing, promoting the use of medicine to people who weren’t believers yet.
1890: Nancy Green Becomes the Face of Aunt Jemima
In 1890, Nancy Green was hired by R.T. Davis Milling Company to be the face of their pancake mix called “Aunt Jemima.” She represented a popular character, Aunt Jemima from a local minstrel show.
Aunt Jemima gave the pancake mix a unique identity and made it famous. She is considered the first African American model to have influenced a generation of buyers of readymade pancake mix.
She has even been awarded medals and certificates for her effective showmanship. In the history of influencer marketing, Aunt Jemima is certainly one of the pioneers.
1905: Fatty Arbuckle and Murad Cigarettes
Another well-known instance of a celebrity endorsement in the history of influencer marketing is that of Roscoe “Fatty” Arbuckle. And his endorsement of Murad, a Turkish brand of cigarettes.
It is said that his publicist and the brand would’ve liked him to actually smoke the cigarettes on stage as part of the endorsement. However, Arbuckle wasn’t willing to do so. He was worried that he’d develop a cough, or that the cigarettes would ruin his voice. He did, however, agree to promote the cigarettes in print.
By this time, people realized that celebrities endorsing products was the next big thing. In the history of influencer marketing, this is when people started opening up to celebrity endorsements or recommendations.
1931: Santa Promotes Coca-Cola
Did Coca-Cola give us the plump, friendly image of Santa? It certainly appears so.
Coca-Cola’s influencer marketing history began when the company introduced this image of Santa Claus in 1931 in their advertisements. He was a white-bearded, friendly, and plump grandfather-figure dressed in a red outfit. Before they came up with these advertisements, Santa was represented in many different forms. Even as a scary elf sometimes.
In the history of influencer marketing, the 1930s saw experimentations with established loveable figures like Santa. If people loved the person promoting a product, they loved the product too.
That’s the basis of influencer marketing as we know it today. According to Experticity, 92% of consumers trust the recommendations of people they follow on social media. They don’t trust advertising from brands nearly as much.
1950: The Era of the Marlboro Man
The Marlboro Man was the symbol associated with being “macho” in and around 1950s. He was an icon portrayed by various actors to make smoking look trendy and masculine. The Marlboro Man was one of the biggest influencers of that time and endorsed the cigarette brand Marlboro until 1999.
The sales of Marlboro skyrocketed because people associated the cigarette with having macho and rugged attributes. This was an era in influencer marketing history that showed a marked increase in the use of influencer marketing. The Marlboro man helped shape and style a generation.
2010: The Age of the Old Spice Man
Before this immensely successful marketing campaign Old Spice’s influencer marketing history was minimal, leaving the brand to be considered a brand for old men. “The Man Your Man Could Smell Like” campaign completely transformed their brand image.
The objective was to make the brand fun and relevant for younger men. The campaign starring Isaiah Mustafa became hugely successful and set the bar high for other campaigns to follow.
The 30-second ad featuring Isaiah Mustafa was aired a few days before the Super Bowl and also the day after the game. Because of its appeal and humor, it quickly went viral.
The result? The sales of Old Spice doubled and the traffic to their website went up by 300%. They became the #1 men’s body wash brand. This was undoubtedly one of the most successful campaigns in the history of influencer marketing.
2010: The Rise of Influencer Marketing on Social Media
By 2010, social media had started making waves. Facebook was the new kid on the block that everyone was captivated by.
Around this time, Amazon came up with the idea of connecting Facebook with their brand – so consumers could see what their friends and family members were buying. And of course, there are various studies that suggest recommendations from friends and family actually influence purchases.
Amazon also started suggesting gifts for friends and family based on their interests. People could even see notifications about the upcoming birthdays of their loved ones along with suggestions for gifts. In terms of the history of influencer marketing, this was a very successful ploy that drove other brands and platforms to take influencer marketing more seriously.
2019: FabFitFun Collaborates with Khloe Kardashian
Beauty brand FabFitFun learned from influencer marketing history and has been teaming up with celebrities like Khloe Kardashian to promote their monthly subscription-based beauty boxes on social media.
Khloe Kardashian has been seen promoting the monthly boxes and the items within them on her Instagram account for her followers. FabFitFun has used her platform to draw more customers to their brand by showcasing the array of products users may receive in their monthly boxes. The continued partnership with celebrities and influencers, like Kardashian, have helped the brand reach immense success in recent years.
Present Day: Most Brands Have Adopted Influencer Marketing
Gone are the days when brands used to rely mainly on celebrity endorsements and advertisements. Millennials and Gen Zers have disrupted trends in consumer behavior and have changed the history of influencer marketing as we knew it. They need social proof before they decide to buy anything.
This has given birth to newer categories of influencers, from people with only a few thousand followers to those with millions of social followers. All of them have two things in common. Authentic voices, and the power to effectively engage their followers with aesthetic content.
Given the history of influencer marketing, the power of individuals is stronger than ever, and most brands have realized this. They are now looking to come up with more creative ways of collaborating with influencers because influencer marketing really works.
Trust the Impact of an Influencer Marketing Campaign
There is too much noise in the marketplace with brands all screaming for attention. Consumers only hear the messages they really want to and turn a deaf ear to the rest.
Social media influencers can help you cut through this noise and reach your target audiences efficiently. People want to listen to authentic voices. They trust the opinions of influencers they follow. And so, any recommendations or endorsements from them are truly valuable for brands.
What are your thoughts on the history of influencer marketing and how it has evolved over the years? Let us know in the comments below.